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The Baha'i Festival of Ridvan

Themes: oneness of mankind, unity, global family, belonging

by Caroline Donne

Suitable for Whole School (Pri)


Oneness of mankind, unity, the global family, belonging.


  • The Baha'i faith is the youngest of the world's religions. It was founded by Bahá'u'lláh (1817-1892), and his followers regarded him as the most recent of God's messengers, including Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Zoroaster, Christ and Muhammad. The Baha'i faith is centred on the idea that all people belong to one human family and that the time has come to recognize this and to work for the unity of all people. The faith grew out of the Shi'ite branch of Islam in Iran. The coming of Bahá'u'lláh was announced by a young Iranian called 'The Bab'.
  • The festival of Ridvan (pronounced Rizwan) is significant because it celebrates the time when Bahá'u'lláh officially announced that he was the prophet proclaimed by the Bab. The festival takes its name from the garden on the outskirts of Baghdad in which this happened. It became known as the Garden of Ridvan (paradise).


  • A globe.
  • A picture of a middle-eastern garden.
  • A board on which to write key words like Bahia, Bahá'u'lláh, etc.


  1. Introduce the idea of belonging. What do children feel they belong to? Give examples such as school, Brownies, Cubs, a family, a class.

    What does it mean to belong? Share some ideas together, such as: to do the same things together; to have the same purpose; to care for the people to whom we feel we belong; to feel welcomed by others. How do you feel if you don't belong?

  2. Explain that today's assembly is about a man who came to tell people that they belonged to one another, that they were part of one big family - the human family. His name was Bahá'u'lláh. Refer to the globe and introduce the idea that Bahá'u'lláh said this human family lives in different places, wears different clothes and eats different food, but that it belongs together because it lives in the same world.

    Explore what it means to belong to the human family. What do we have in common with one another?

  3. Invite six children up to the front. Ask them to stand in a circle and hold hands. Now invite another child up to the front. Tell the one child (without anyone else hearing) that when you say 'Go', he or she must try and get into the circle of six children. Now tell the six children (without letting anyone else hear) that when you say 'Go', they must try and prevent the one child from getting into their circle, but they must not let go of each other's hands.

    Say the word 'Go'. You don't need to let what happens go on for too long, but the point is to establish what it is like when someone is prevented from 'belonging'.

  4. Invite children to comment on what happened and to think about what it must have felt like for the one child to be prevented from belonging. Ask the child to describe how they felt.

    Go on to explain that Bahá'u'lláh said the time had come for people to stop fighting and disagreeing and to recognize that they were one big family, created and loved by one God.

    The followers of Bahá'u'lláh are known as Baha'is. At this time they celebrate the day on which Bahá'u'lláh began to tell people that he had been chosen by God to give this important message. The celebration is known as Ridvan, named after the garden outside Baghdad in Iraq where this happened. Ridvan means paradise. The Baha'is, the followers of Bahá'u'lláh, have often been criticized and have suffered because of their beliefs.

Focus on the themes

Invite the children to think about the idea of us belonging together because we are all human and live in one world. If this is so, how does it mean we should treat one another?

Time for reflection

Invite the children to keep a time of quiet. You could use these words as a prayer.

God of all,
Thank you for the world you have made.
Thank you for all the different people who live in it.
We are sorry for the times we forget that we belong to one human family.
Help us to care for one another.


Publication date: January 2003   (Vol.5 No.1)    Published by SPCK, London, UK.
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